تعرفي على القماش  الأقرب على قلبك في الشتاء  .. الجوخ

تعرفي على القماش  الأقرب على قلبك في الشتاء  .. الجوخ

 

 

دمشق - المشهد جوليا غانم

تتعدد الأقمشة التي يتم استخدامها لغايات صناعة الملابس المختلفة، حيث يقوم صانعوا الملابس باختيار الأقمشة المناسبة التي تساعد في ظهور الملابس بالشكل المرغوب كما ويراعى في اختيار هذه الأقمشة طبيعة الملابس المراد خياطتها، حيث تختلف أقمشة الملابس الصيفية من أقمشة الملابس الشتوية حيث تتميز الأقمشة الشتوية بسماكة الخيط الذي يستخدم لتكوين القماش كما ويكون القماش الناتج نفسه سميكاً نوعاً ما وذلك لأنه يستخدم في تفصيل الملابس الشتوية المختلفة مثل المعاطف والسترات الشتوية أما القماش الصيفي فهو يتصف على اختلاف أنواعه بأنه مكوّن من خيط خفيف وينتج عنه قماش خفيف أيضاً يستخدم في صناعة الملابس الصيفية مثل الفساتين الخفيفة وغيرها، وفي هذا المقال سنتعرف على نوع من القماش يعرف باسم الجوخ وهو أحد أنواع الأقمشة التي تستخدم بكثرة في خياطة الأنواع المختلفة من الملابس. يعرف قماش الجوخ بأنه نوع من القماش الذي يصنع بشكل رئيسي من الصوف ويتصف بأنه من الأقمشة ذات الأنواع المتعددة حيث يعتبر الجوخ نوعاً من أنواع اللباد، حيث يعد اللباد نوعاً من أنواع الأقمشة الأقدم في التاريخ حيث تم إيجاده منذ ثمانية آلاف سنه واستخدمه الإنسان استخداماً كبيراً منذ ذلك الزمن حيث وجدت له العديد من الإستخدامات المختلفة التي يستخدمها الإنسان بشكل يومي، ومن ناحية أخرى فإن اللباد يستخدم في صناعة أنواع الفرش المختلفة والأغطية والأحذية كما ويدخل في صناعة الخيام والسجاد كما ويدخل في صناعة العديد من أنواع الفرش التي يضعها الناس في منازلهم،ويعتبر قماش الجوخ من الأقمشة الأكثر استخداماً بسبب ما تتميز به خصائص جيدة حيث يتصف قماش الجوخ بأنه سهل القص حيث يستطيع الشخص أن يقصه بسهولة على الهيئة التي يريد كما وأنه سهل التشكيل وهذا كله لأنه من الأقمشة التي لا تتنسل أيضاً وتتصف بثباتية خيوطها واستقرارها. تم اكتشاف الجوخ من قبل شخص كان رحالاً في الصحراء وكان حينها يسير على الرمال شديدة الحرارة والمشتعلة كاللهب ولم يستطع أن يكمل مسيره على هذه الرمال الحارقة لذلك لجأ لاستخدام قطعة من الصوف التي قام بلفها وتصميمها على قدمه وكأنها حذاء حتى تقيه هذا الحر وبعد مسيره بها لفترة من الزمن لاحظ أنها أصبحت كقطعة واحدة وكأنها قطعة قماش وهكذا بدأت صناعة قماش الجوخ واستخدامه في العديد من الصناعات، حيث بدأ صانعوا القماش من ذلك الوقت بالإهتمام بهذا النوع بسبب ما يتميز به من خصائص متعددة لا توجد في الكثير من الأقمشة.

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